CCC 1116: Sacraments are “powers that come forth” from the Body of Christ, which is ever living and life giving. They are actions of the Holy Spirit at work in his Body, the Church. They are “the masterworks of God” in the new and everlasting covenant.
A Sacrament is an outward sign of receiving the grace of God. Instituted by Christ himself, the seven Sacraments touch all the stages and all the important moments of a Christian’s spiritual life.
The font from which all Sacraments draw their power is the paschal mystery : the Passion, Death and Resurrection of Christ. The Sacraments sanctify the Body of Christ : the Church; giving birth and increase, healing and mission to the Christian’s life of faith. (see also Vat II : SC 59 and 61)
We learn about the world through our senses. The Sacramental signs are perceptible to our human senses : sight, hearing, taste, touch and smell. We are spoken to, washed, anointed, embraced, and fed. God uses the natural world to reveal His divine purpose.
The Seven Sacraments of the Church and guidelines to be noted are as follows: